CLI Command Reference

dolt add

Add table contents to the list of staged tables
Synopsis
dolt add [<table>...]
Description
This command updates the list of tables using the current content found in the working root, to prepare the content staged for the next commit. It adds the current content of existing tables as a whole or remove tables that do not exist in the working root anymore.
This command can be performed multiple times before a commit. It only adds the content of the specified table(s) at the time the add command is run; if you want subsequent changes included in the next commit, then you must run dolt add again to add the new content to the index.
The dolt status command can be used to obtain a summary of which tables have changes that are staged for the next commit.
Arguments and options
<table>: Working table(s) to add to the list tables staged to be committed. The abbreviation '.' can be used to add all tables.
-A, --all: Stages any and all changes (adds, deletes, and modifications).

dolt backup

Manage server backups
Synopsis
dolt backup [-v | --verbose]
dolt backup add [--aws-region <region>] [--aws-creds-type <creds-type>] [--aws-creds-file <file>] [--aws-creds-profile <profile>] <name> <url>
dolt backup remove <name>
dolt backup restore <url> <name>
dolt backup sync <name>
dolt backup sync-url [--aws-region <region>] [--aws-creds-type <creds-type>] [--aws-creds-file <file>] [--aws-creds-profile <profile>] <url>
Description
With no arguments, shows a list of existing backups. Several subcommands are available to perform operations on backups, point in time snapshots of a database's contents.
add Adds a backup named <name> for the database at <url>. The <url> parameter supports url schemes of http, https, aws, gs, and file. The url prefix defaults to https. If the <url> parameter is in the format <organization>/<repository> then dolt will use the backups.default_host from your configuration file (Which will be dolthub.com unless changed). The URL address must be unique to existing remotes and backups.
AWS cloud backup urls should be of the form aws://[dynamo-table:s3-bucket]/database. You may configure your aws cloud backup using the optional parameters aws-region, aws-creds-type, aws-creds-file.
aws-creds-type specifies the means by which credentials should be retrieved in order to access the specified cloud resources (specifically the dynamo table, and the s3 bucket). Valid values are 'role', 'env', or 'file'.
role: Use the credentials installed for the current user
env: Looks for environment variables AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID and AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY
file: Uses the credentials file specified by the parameter aws-creds-file
GCP backup urls should be of the form gs://gcs-bucket/database and will use the credentials setup using the gcloud command line available from Google.
The local filesystem can be used as a backup by providing a repository url in the format file://absolute path. See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File_URI_scheme
remove, rm Remove the backup named <name>. All configuration settings for the backup are removed. The contents of the backup are not affected.
restore Restore a Dolt database from a given <url> into a specified directory <url>.
sync Snapshot the database and upload to the backup <name>. This includes branches, tags, working sets, and remote tracking refs.
sync-url Snapshot the database and upload the backup to <url>. Like sync, this includes branches, tags, working sets, and remote tracking refs, but it does not require you to create a named backup
Arguments and options
<region>: cloud provider region associated with this backup.
<creds-type>: credential type. Valid options are role, env, and file. See the help section for additional details.
<profile>: AWS profile to use.
-v, --verbose: When printing the list of backups adds additional details.
--aws-region
--aws-creds-type
--aws-creds-file: AWS credentials file
--aws-creds-profile: AWS profile to use

dolt blame

Show what revision and author last modified each row of a table
Synopsis
dolt blame [<rev>] <tablename>
Description
Annotates each row in the given table with information from the revision which last modified the row. Optionally, start annotating from the given revision.
Arguments and options
No options for this command.

dolt branch

List, create, or delete branches
Synopsis
dolt branch [--list] [-v] [-a] [-r]
dolt branch [-f] <branchname> [<start-point>]
dolt branch -m [-f] [<oldbranch>] <newbranch>
dolt branch -c [-f] [<oldbranch>] <newbranch>
dolt branch -d [-f] [-r] <branchname>...
Description
If --list is given, or if there are no non-option arguments, existing branches are listed. The current branch will be highlighted with an asterisk. With no options, only local branches are listed. With -r, only remote branches are listed. With -a both local and remote branches are listed. -v causes the hash of the commit that the branches are at to be printed as well.
The command's second form creates a new branch head named <branchname> which points to the current HEAD, or <start-point> if given.
Note that this will create the new branch, but it will not switch the working tree to it; use dolt checkout <newbranch> to switch to the new branch.
With a -m, <oldbranch> will be renamed to <newbranch>. If <newbranch> exists, -f must be used to force the rename to happen.
The -c options have the exact same semantics as -m, except instead of the branch being renamed it will be copied to a new name.
With a -d, <branchname> will be deleted. You may specify more than one branch for deletion.
Arguments and options
<start-point>: A commit that a new branch should point at.
--list: List branches
-f, --force: Reset <branchname> to <startpoint>, even if <branchname> exists already. Without -f, dolt branch refuses to change an existing branch. In combination with -d (or --delete), allow deleting the branch irrespective of its merged status. In combination with -m (or --move), allow renaming the branch even if the new branch name already exists, the same applies for -c (or --copy).
-c, --copy: Create a copy of a branch.
-m, --move: Move/rename a branch
-d, --delete: Delete a branch. The branch must be fully merged in its upstream branch.
--D: Shortcut for --delete --force.
-v, --verbose: When in list mode, show the hash and commit subject line for each head
-a, --all: When in list mode, shows remote tracked branches
-r, --remote: When in list mode, show only remote tracked branches. When with -d, delete a remote tracking branch.
--show-current: Print the name of the current branch
-t, --track: When creating a new branch, set up 'upstream' configuration.

dolt checkout

Switch branches or restore working tree tables
Synopsis
dolt checkout <branch>
dolt checkout <table>...
dolt checkout -b <new-branch> [<start-point>]
dolt checkout --track <remote>/<branch>
Description
Updates tables in the working set to match the staged versions. If no paths are given, dolt checkout will also update HEAD to set the specified branch as the current branch.
dolt checkout <branch> To prepare for working on <branch>, switch to it by updating the index and the tables in the working tree, and by pointing HEAD at the branch. Local modifications to the tables in the working tree are kept, so that they can be committed to the <branch>.
dolt checkout -b <new_branch> [<start_point>] Specifying -b causes a new branch to be created as if dolt branch were called and then checked out.
dolt checkout <table>... To update table(s) with their values in HEAD
Arguments and options
--b: Create a new branch named <new_branch> and start it at <start_point>.
-f, --force: If there is any changes in working set, the force flag will wipe out the current changes and checkout the new branch.
-t, --track: When creating a new branch, set up 'upstream' configuration.

dolt cherry-pick

Apply the changes introduced by an existing commit.
Synopsis
dolt cherry-pick <commit>
Description
Applies the changes from an existing commit and creates a new commit from the current HEAD. This requires your working tree to be clean (no modifications from the HEAD commit).
Cherry-picking merge commits or commits with schema changes or rename or drop tables is not currently supported. Row data changes are allowed as long as the two table schemas are exactly identical.
If applying the row data changes from the cherry-picked commit results in a data conflict, the cherry-pick operation is aborted and no changes are made to the working tree or committed.
Arguments and options
No options for this command.

dolt clean

Deletes untracked working tables
Synopsis
dolt clean [--dry-run]
dolt clean [--dry-run] <tables>...
Description
dolt clean [--dry-run]
The default (parameterless) form clears the values for all untracked working <tables> .This command permanently deletes unstaged or uncommitted tables.
The --dry-run flag can be used to test whether the clean can succeed without deleting any tables from the current working set.
dolt clean [--dry-run] ...
If <tables> is specified, only those table names are considered for deleting.
Arguments and options
--dry-run: Tests removing untracked tables without modifying the working set.

dolt clone

Clone a data repository into a new directory
Synopsis
dolt clone [-remote <remote>] [-branch <branch>] [--aws-region <region>] [--aws-creds-type <creds-type>] [--aws-creds-file <file>] [--aws-creds-profile <profile>] <remote-url> <new-dir>
Description
Clones a repository into a newly created directory, creates remote-tracking branches for each branch in the cloned repository (visible using <dolt branch -a>), and creates and checks out an initial branch that is forked from the cloned repository's currently active branch.
After the clone, a plain dolt fetch without arguments will update all the remote-tracking branches, and a dolt pull without arguments will in addition merge the remote branch into the current branch.
This default configuration is achieved by creating references to the remote branch heads under <refs/remotes/origin> and by creating a remote named 'origin'.
Arguments and options
--remote: Name of the remote to be added to the cloned database. The default is 'origin'.
-b, --branch: The branch to be cloned. If not specified all branches will be cloned.
--aws-region
--aws-creds-type
--aws-creds-file: AWS credentials file.
--aws-creds-profile: AWS profile to use.

dolt commit

Record changes to the repository
Synopsis
dolt commit [options]
Description
Stores the current contents of the staged tables in a new commit along with a log message from the user describing the changes.
The content to be added can be specified by using dolt add to incrementally "add" changes to the staged tables before using the commit command (Note: even modified files must be "added").
The log message can be added with the parameter -m <msg>. If the <-m> parameter is not provided an editor will be opened where you can review the commit and provide a log message.
The commit timestamp can be modified using the --date parameter. Dates can be specified in the formats <YYYY-MM-DD>, <YYYY-MM-DDTHH:MM:SS>, or <YYYY-MM-DDTHH:MM:SSZ07:00> (where <07:00> is the time zone offset)."
Arguments and options
-m, --message: Use the given <msg> as the commit message.
--allow-empty: Allow recording a commit that has the exact same data as its sole parent. This is usually a mistake, so it is disabled by default. This option bypasses that safety.
--date: Specify the date used in the commit. If not specified the current system time is used.
-f, --force: Ignores any foreign key warnings and proceeds with the commit.
--author: Specify an explicit author using the standard A U Thor <[email protected]> format.
-a, --all: Stages all modified tables (but not newly created tables) before committing.
-A, --ALL: Stages all tables (including new tables) before committing.
--amend: Amend previous commit

dolt config

Get and set repository or global options
Synopsis
dolt config [--global|--local] --list
dolt config [--global|--local] --add <name> <value>
dolt config [--global|--local] --get <name>
dolt config [--global|--local] --unset <name>...
Description
You can query/set/replace/unset options with this command.
When reading, the values are read from the global and repository local configuration files, and options `<--global>`, and `<--local>` can be used to tell the command to read from only that location.
When writing, the new value is written to the repository local configuration file by default, and options `<--global>`, can be used to tell the command to write to that location (you can say `<--local>` but that is the default).
Arguments and options
--global: Use global config.
--local: Use repository local config.
--add: Set the value of one or more config parameters
--list: List the values of all config parameters.
--get: Get the value of one or more config parameters.
--unset: Unset the value of one or more config parameters.

dolt conflicts cat

print conflicts
Synopsis
dolt conflicts cat [<commit>] <table>...
Description
The dolt conflicts cat command reads table conflicts and writes them to the standard output.
Arguments and options
<table>: List of tables to be printed. '.' can be used to print conflicts for all tables.

dolt conflicts resolve

Automatically resolves all conflicts taking either ours or theirs for the given tables
Synopsis
dolt conflicts resolve --ours|--theirs <table>...
Description
When a merge finds conflicting changes, it documents them in the dolt_conflicts table. A conflict is between two versions: ours (the rows at the destination branch head) and theirs (the rows at the source branch head).
dolt conflicts resolve will automatically resolve the conflicts by taking either the ours or theirs versions for each row.
Arguments and options
<table>: List of tables to be resolved. '.' can be used to resolve all tables.
--ours: For all conflicts, take the version from our branch and resolve the conflict
--theirs: For all conflicts, take the version from their branch and resolve the conflict

dolt constraints verify

Verifies that working set changes satisfy table constraints
Synopsis
dolt constraints verify [--all] [--output-only] [<table>...]
Description
Verifies that inserted or modified rows in the working set satisfy the defined table constraints. If any constraints are violated, they are documented in the dolt_constraint_violations system table. By default, this command does not consider row changes that have been previously committed.
Arguments and options
<table>: The table(s) to check constraints on. If omitted, checks all tables.
-a, --all: Verifies that all rows in the database do not violate constraints instead of just rows modified or inserted in the working set.
-o, --output-only: Disables writing violated constraints to the constraint violations table.

dolt creds check

Check authenticating with a credential keypair against a doltremoteapi.
Synopsis
dolt creds check [--endpoint doltremoteapi.dolthub.com:443] [--creds <eak95022q3vskvumn2fcrpibdnheq1dtr8t...>]
Description
Tests calling a doltremoteapi with dolt credentials and reports the authentication result.
Arguments and options
--endpoint: API endpoint, otherwise taken from config.
--creds: Public Key ID or Public Key for credentials, otherwise taken from config.

dolt creds import

Import a dolt credential from an existing .jwk file.
Synopsis
dolt creds import [--no-profile] [<jwk_filename>]
Description
Imports a dolt credential from an existing .jwk file.
Dolt credentials are stored in the creds subdirectory of the global dolt config directory as files with one key per file in JWK format. This command can import a JWK from a file or stdin and places the imported key in the correct place for dolt to find it as a valid credential.
This command will set the newly imported credential as the used credential if there are currently not credentials. If this command does use the new credential, it will call doltremoteapi to update user.name and user.email with information from the remote user profile if those fields are not already available in the local dolt config.
Arguments and options
<jwk_filename>: The JWK file. If omitted, import operates on stdin.
--no-profile: If provided, no attempt will be made to contact doltremoteapi and update user.name and user.email.

dolt creds ls

List keypairs available for authenticating with doltremoteapi.
Synopsis
dolt creds ls [-v | --verbose]
Description
Lists known public keys from keypairs for authenticating with doltremoteapi.
The currently selected keypair appears with a * next to it.
Arguments and options
-v, --verbose: Verbose output, including key id.

dolt creds new

Create a new public/private keypair for authenticating with doltremoteapi.
Synopsis
Description
Creates a new keypair for authenticating with doltremoteapi.
Prints the public portion of the keypair, which can entered into the credentials settings page of dolthub.
Arguments and options
No options for this command.

dolt creds rm

Remove a stored public/private keypair.
Synopsis
dolt creds rm <public_key_as_appears_in_ls>
Description
Removes an existing keypair from dolt's credential storage.
Arguments and options
No options for this command.

dolt creds use

Select an existing dolt credential for authenticating with doltremoteapi.
Synopsis
dolt creds use <public_key_as_appears_in_ls | public_key_id_as_appears_in_ls>
Description
Selects an existing dolt credential for authenticating with doltremoteapi.
Can be given a credential's public key or key id and will update global dolt config to use the credential when interacting with doltremoteapi.
You can see your available credentials with 'dolt creds ls'.
Arguments and options
No options for this command.

dolt diff

Show changes between commits, commit and working tree, etc
Synopsis
dolt diff [options] [<commit>] [<tables>...]
dolt diff [options] <commit> <commit> [<tables>...]
Description
Show changes between the working and staged tables, changes between the working tables and the tables within a commit, or changes between tables at two commits.
dolt diff [--options] [<tables>...] This form is to view the changes you made relative to the staging area for the next commit. In other words, the differences are what you could tell Dolt to further add but you still haven't. You can stage these changes by using dolt add.
dolt diff [--options] <commit> [<tables>...] This form is to view the changes you have in your working tables relative to the named <commit>. You can use HEAD to compare it with the latest commit, or a branch name to compare with the tip of a different branch.
dolt diff [--options] <commit> <commit> [<tables>...] This is to view the changes between two arbitrary commit.
The diffs displayed can be limited to show the first N by providing the parameter --limit N where N is the number of diffs to display.
To filter which data rows are displayed, use --where <SQL expression>. Table column names in the filter expression must be prefixed with from_ or to_, e.g. to_COLUMN_NAME > 100 or from_COLUMN_NAME + to_COLUMN_NAME = 0.
Arguments and options
-d, --data: Show only the data changes, do not show the schema changes (Both shown by default).
-s, --schema: Show only the schema changes, do not show the data changes (Both shown by default).
--summary: Show summary of data changes
-r, --result-format: How to format diff output. Valid values are tabular, sql, json. Defaults to tabular.
--where: filters columns based on values in the diff. See dolt diff --help for details.
--limit: limits to the first N diffs.
-c, --cached: Show only the unstaged data changes.

dolt docs diff

Diffs Dolt Docs
Synopsis
dolt docs diff <doc>
Description
Diffs Dolt Docs
Arguments and options
<doc>: Dolt doc to be diffed.

dolt docs read

Reads Dolt Docs from the file system into the database
Synopsis
dolt docs read <doc> <file>
Description
Reads Dolt Docs from the file system into the database
Arguments and options
<doc>: Dolt doc name to be updated in the database.
<file>: file to read Dolt doc from.

dolt docs write

Writes Dolt Docs to stdout
Synopsis
dolt docs write <doc>
Description
Writes Dolt Docs to stdout
Arguments and options
<doc>: Dolt doc to be read.

dolt dump

Export all tables.
Synopsis
dolt dump [-f] [-r <result-format>] [-fn <file_name>] [-d <directory>] [--batch] [--no-autocommit]
Description
dolt dump dumps all tables in the working set. If a dump file already exists then the operation will fail, unless the --force | -f flag is provided. The force flag forces the existing dump file to be overwritten. The -r flag is used to support different file formats of the dump. In the case of non .sql files each table is written to a separate csv,json or parquet file.
Arguments and options
-r, --result-format: Define the type of the output file. Defaults to sql. Valid values are sql, csv, json and parquet.
-fn, --file-name: Define file name for dump file. Defaults to doltdump.sql.
-d, --directory: Define directory name to dump the files in. Defaults to doltdump/.
-f, --force: If data already exists in the destination, the force flag will allow the target to be overwritten.
--batch: Returns batch insert statements wherever possible.
-na, --no-autocommit: Turns off autocommit for each dumped table. Used to speed up loading of outputted sql file

dolt fetch

Download objects and refs from another repository
Synopsis
dolt fetch [<remote>] [<refspec> ...]
Description
Fetch refs, along with the objects necessary to complete their histories and update remote-tracking branches.
By default dolt will attempt to fetch from a remote named origin. The <remote> parameter allows you to specify the name of a different remote you wish to pull from by the remote's name.
When no refspec(s) are specified on the command line, the fetch_specs for the default remote are used.
Arguments and options
-f, --force: Update refs to remote branches with the current state of the remote, overwriting any conflicting history.

dolt filter-branch

Edits the commit history using the provided query
Synopsis
dolt filter-branch [--all] <query> [<commit>]
Description
Traverses the commit history to the initial commit starting at the current HEAD commit. Replays all commits, rewriting the history using the provided SQL query.
If a <commit-spec> is provided, the traversal will stop when the commit is reached and rewriting will begin at that commit, or will error if the commit is not found.
If the --all flag is supplied, the traversal starts with the HEAD commits of all branches.
Arguments and options
-a, --all: filter all branches

dolt gc

Cleans up unreferenced data from the repository.
Synopsis
dolt gc [--shallow]
Description
Searches the repository for data that is no longer referenced and no longer needed.
If the --shallow flag is supplied, a faster but less thorough garbage collection will be performed.
Arguments and options
-s, --shallow: perform a fast, but incomplete garbage collection pass

dolt init

Create an empty Dolt data repository
Synopsis
dolt init
Description
This command creates an empty Dolt data repository in the current directory.
Running dolt init in an already initialized directory will fail.
Arguments and options
--name: The name used in commits to this repo. If not provided will be taken from user.name in the global config.
--email: The email address used. If not provided will be taken from user.email in the global config.
--date: Specify the date used in the initial commit. If not specified the current system time is used.
-b, --initial-branch: The branch name used to initialize this database. If not provided will be taken from init.defaultbranch in the global config. If unset, the default initialized branch will be named 'main'.
--new-format: Specify this flag to use the new storage format (DOLT).

dolt log

Show commit logs
Synopsis
dolt log [-n <num_commits>] [<commit>] [[--] <table>]
Description
Shows the commit logs
The command takes options to control what is shown and how.
Arguments and options
-n, --number: Limit the number of commits to output.
--min-parents: The minimum number of parents a commit must have to be included in the log.
--merges: Equivalent to min-parents == 2, this will limit the log to commits with 2 or more parents.
--parents: Shows all parents of each commit in the log.
--decorate: Shows refs next to commits. Valid options are short, full, no, and auto
--oneline: Shows logs in a compact format.

dolt login

Login to DoltHub or DoltLab
Synopsis
dolt login [--auth-endpoint <endpoint>] [--login-url <url>] [-i | --insecure] [<creds>]
Description
Login into DoltHub or DoltLab using the email in your config so you can pull from private repos and push to those you have permission to.
Arguments and options
<creds>: A specific credential to use for login. If omitted, new credentials will be generated.
-e, --auth-endpoint: Specify the endpoint used to authenticate this client. Must be used with --login-url OR set in the configuration file as creds.add_url
-url, --login-url: Specify the login url where the browser will add credentials.
-i, --insecure: If set, makes insecure connection to remote authentication server

dolt ls

List tables
Synopsis
dolt ls [--options] [<commit>]
Description
With no arguments lists the tables in the current working set but if a commit is specified it will list the tables in that commit. If the --verbose flag is provided a row count and a hash of the table will also be displayed.
If the --system flag is supplied this will show the dolt system tables which are queryable with SQL. Some system tables can be queried even if they are not in the working set by specifying appropriate parameters in the SQL queries. To see these tables too you may pass the --verbose flag.
If the --all flag is supplied both user and system tables will be printed.
Arguments and options
-v, --verbose: show the hash of the table
-s, --system: show system tables
-a, --all: show system tables

dolt merge

Join two or more development histories together
Synopsis
dolt merge [--squash] <branch>
dolt merge --no-ff [-m message] <branch>
dolt merge --abort
Description
Incorporates changes from the named commits (since the time their histories diverged from the current branch) into the current branch.
The second syntax (<dolt merge --abort>) can only be run after the merge has resulted in conflicts. dolt merge --abort will abort the merge process and try to reconstruct the pre-merge state. However, if there were uncommitted changes when the merge started (and especially if those changes were further modified after the merge was started), dolt merge --abort will in some cases be unable to reconstruct the original (pre-merge) changes. Therefore:
<Warning>: Running dolt merge with non-trivial uncommitted changes is discouraged: while possible, it may leave you in a state that is hard to back out of in the case of a conflict.
Arguments and options
--no-ff: Create a merge commit even when the merge resolves as a fast-forward.
--squash: Merge changes to the working set without updating the commit history
-m, --message: Use the given <msg> as the commit message.
--abort: Abort the current conflict resolution process, and try to reconstruct the pre-merge state.
If there were uncommitted working set changes present when the merge started, dolt merge --abort will be unable to reconstruct these changes. It is therefore recommended to always commit or stash your changes before running dolt merge.
--commit: Perform the merge and commit the result. This is the default option, but can be overridden with the --no-commit flag. Note that this option does not affect fast-forward merges, which don't create a new merge commit, and if any merge conflicts or constraint violations are detected, no commit will be attempted.
--no-commit: Perform the merge and stop just before creating a merge commit. Note this will not prevent a fast-forward merge; use the --no-ff arg together with the --no-commit arg to prevent both fast-forwards and merge commits.
--no-edit: Use an auto-generated commit message when creating a merge commit. The default for interactive CLI sessions is to open an editor.

dolt merge-base

Find the common ancestor of two commits.
Synopsis
dolt merge-base <commit spec> <commit spec>
Description
Find the common ancestor of two commits, and return the ancestor's commit hash.'
Arguments and options
No options for this command.

dolt pull

Fetch from and integrate with another repository or a local branch
Synopsis
dolt pull [<remote>, [<remoteBranch>]]
Description
Incorporates changes from a remote repository into the current branch. In its default mode, dolt pull is shorthand for dolt fetch followed by dolt merge <remote>/<branch>.
More precisely, dolt pull runs dolt fetch with the given parameters and calls dolt merge to merge the retrieved branch HEAD into the current branch.
Arguments and options
<remote>: The name of the remote to pull from.
<remoteBranch>: The name of a branch on the specified remote to be merged into the current working set.
--squash: Merge changes to the working set without updating the commit history
--no-ff: Create a merge commit even when the merge resolves as a fast-forward.
-f, --force: Ignore any foreign key warnings and proceed with the commit.
--commit: Perform the merge and commit the result. This is the default option, but can be overridden with the --no-commit flag. Note that this option does not affect fast-forward merges, which don't create a new merge commit, and if any merge conflicts or constraint violations are detected, no commit will be attempted.
--no-commit: Perform the merge and stop just before creating a merge commit. Note this will not prevent a fast-forward merge; use the --no-ff arg together with the --no-commit arg to prevent both fast-forwards and merge commits.
--no-edit: Use an auto-generated commit message when creating a merge commit. The default for interactive CLI sessions is to open an editor.

dolt push

Update remote refs along with associated objects
Synopsis
dolt push [-u | --set-upstream] [<remote>] [<refspec>]
Description
Updates remote refs using local refs, while sending objects necessary to complete the given refs.
When the command line does not specify where to push with the <remote> argument, an attempt is made to infer the remote. If only one remote exists it will be used, if multiple remotes exists, a remote named 'origin' will be attempted. If there is more than one remote, and none of them are named 'origin' then the command will fail and you will need to specify the correct remote explicitly.
When the command line does not specify what to push with <refspec>... then the current branch will be used.
When neither the command-line does not specify what to push, the default behavior is used, which corresponds to the current branch being pushed to the corresponding upstream branch, but as a safety measure, the push is aborted if the upstream branch does not have the same name as the local one.
Arguments and options
-u, --set-upstream: For every branch that is up to date or successfully pushed, add upstream (tracking) reference, used by argument-less dolt pull and other commands.
-f, --force: Update the remote with local history, overwriting any conflicting history in the remote.

dolt read-tables

Fetch table(s) at a specific commit into a new dolt repo
Synopsis
dolt read-tables [--dir <directory>] <remote-url> <commit> [<table>...]
Description
A shallow clone operation will retrieve the state of table(s) from a remote repository at a given commit. Retrieved data is placed into the working state of a newly created local Dolt repository. Changes to the data cannot be submitted back to the remote repository, and the shallow clone cannot be converted into a regular clone of a repository.
Arguments and options
<remote-repo>: Remote repository to retrieve data from
<commit>: Branch or commit hash representing a point in time to retrieve tables from
<table>: Optional tables to retrieve. If omitted, all tables are retrieved.
-d, --dir: directory to create and put retrieved table data.

dolt remote

Manage set of tracked repositories
Synopsis
dolt remote [-v | --verbose]
dolt remote add [--aws-region <region>] [--aws-creds-type <creds-type>] [--aws-creds-file <file>] [--aws-creds-profile <profile>] <name> <url>
dolt remote remove <name>
Description
With no arguments, shows a list of existing remotes. Several subcommands are available to perform operations on the remotes.
add Adds a remote named <name> for the repository at <url>. The command dolt fetch <name> can then be used to create and update remote-tracking branches <name>/<branch>.
The <url> parameter supports url schemes of http, https, aws, gs, and file. The url prefix defaults to https. If the <url> parameter is in the format <organization>/<repository> then dolt will use the remotes.default_host from your configuration file (Which will be dolthub.com unless changed).
AWS cloud remote urls should be of the form aws://[dynamo-table:s3-bucket]/database. You may configure your aws cloud remote using the optional parameters aws-region, aws-creds-type, aws-creds-file.
aws-creds-type specifies the means by which credentials should be retrieved in order to access the specified cloud resources (specifically the dynamo table, and the s3 bucket). Valid values are 'role', 'env', or 'file'.
role: Use the credentials installed for the current user
env: Looks for environment variables AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID and AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY
file: Uses the credentials file specified by the parameter aws-creds-file
GCP remote urls should be of the form gs://gcs-bucket/database and will use the credentials setup using the gcloud command line available from Google.
The local filesystem can be used as a remote by providing a repository url in the format file://absolute path. See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File_URI_scheme
remove, rm Remove the remote named <name>. All remote-tracking branches and configuration settings for the remote are removed.
Arguments and options
<region>: cloud provider region associated with this remote.
<creds-type>: credential type. Valid options are role, env, and file. See the help section for additional details.
<profile>: AWS profile to use.
-v, --verbose: When printing the list of remotes adds additional details.
--aws-region
--aws-creds-type
--aws-creds-file: AWS credentials file
--aws-creds-profile: AWS profile to use

dolt reset

Resets staged or working tables to HEAD or a specified commit
Synopsis
dolt reset <tables>...
dolt reset [--hard | --soft] <revision>
Description
dolt reset <tables>...
The default form resets the values for all staged <tables> to their values at HEAD. It does not affect the working tree or the current branch.
This means that dolt reset <tables> is the opposite of dolt add <tables>.
After running dolt reset <tables> to update the staged tables, you can use dolt checkout to check the contents out of the staged tables to the working tables.
dolt reset [--hard | --soft] <revision>
This form resets all tables to values in the specified revision (i.e. commit, tag, working set). The --soft option resets HEAD to a revision without changing the current working set. The --hard option resets all three HEADs to a revision, deleting all uncommitted changes in the current working set.
dolt reset .
This form resets all staged tables to their values at HEAD. It is the opposite of dolt add .
Arguments and options
--hard: Resets the working tables and staged tables. Any changes to tracked tables in the working tree since <commit> are discarded.
--soft: Does not touch the working tables, but removes all tables staged to be committed.

dolt revert

Undo the changes introduced in a commit
Synopsis
dolt revert <revision>...
Description
Removes the changes made in a commit (or series of commits) from the working set, and then automatically commits the result. This is done by way of a three-way merge. Given a specific commit (e.g. HEAD\~1), this is similar to applying the patch from HEAD\~1..HEAD\~2, giving us a patch of what to remove to effectively remove the influence of the specified commit. If multiple commits are specified, then this process is repeated for each commit in the order specified. This requires a clean working set.
Any conflicts or constraint violations caused by the merge cause the command to fail.
Arguments and options
<revision>: The commit revisions. If multiple revisions are given, they're applied in the order given.
--author: Specify an explicit author using the standard A U Thor <[email protected]> format.

dolt schema export

Exports table schemas as SQL DDL statements.
Synopsis
dolt schema export [<table>] [<file>]
Description
Exports table schemas as SQL DDL statements, which can then be executed to recreate tables.
If table is given, only that table's schema will be exported, otherwise all table schemas will be exported.
If file is given, the exported schemas will be written to that file, otherwise they will be written to standard out.
Arguments and options
<table>: table whose schema is being exported.
<file>: the file to which the schema will be exported.

dolt schema import

Creates or updates a table by inferring a schema from a file containing sample data.
Synopsis
dolt schema import [--create|--replace] [--force] [--dry-run] [--lower|--upper] [--keep-types] [--file-type <type>] [--float-threshold] [--map <mapping-file>] [--delim <delimiter>]--pks <field>,... <table> <file>
Description
If --create | -c is given the operation will create <table> with a schema that it infers from the supplied file. One or more primary key columns must be specified using the --pks parameter.
If --update | -u is given the operation will update <table> any additional columns, or change the types of columns based on the file supplied. If the --keep-types parameter is supplied then the types for existing columns will not be modified, even if they differ from what is in the supplied file.
If --replace | -r is given the operation will replace <table> with a new, empty table which has a schema inferred from the supplied file but columns tags will be maintained across schemas. --keep-types can also be supplied here to guarantee that types are the same in the file and in the pre-existing table.
A mapping file can be used to map fields between the file being imported and the table's schema being inferred. This can be used when creating a new table, or updating or replacing an existing table.
A mapping file is json in the format:
{
"source_field_name":"dest_field_name"
...
}
where source_field_name is the name of a field in the file being imported and dest_field_name is the name of a field in the table being imported to.
In create, update, and replace scenarios the file's extension is used to infer the type of the file. If a file does not have the expected extension then the --file-type parameter should be used to explicitly define the format of the file in one of the supported formats (Currently only csv is supported). For files separated by a delimiter other than a ',', the --delim parameter can be used to specify a delimiter.
If the parameter --dry-run is supplied a sql statement will be generated showing what would be executed if this were run without the --dry-run flag
--float-threshold is the threshold at which a string representing a floating point number should be interpreted as a float versus an int. If FloatThreshold is 0.0 then any number with a decimal point will be interpreted as a float (such as 0.0, 1.0, etc). If FloatThreshold is 1.0 then any number with a decimal point will be converted to an int (0.5 will be the int 0, 1.99 will be the int 1, etc. If the FloatThreshold is 0.001 then numbers with a fractional component greater than or equal to 0.001 will be treated as a float (1.0 would be an int, 1.0009 would be an int, 1.001 would be a float, 1.1 would be a float, etc)
Arguments and options
<table>: Name of the table to be created.
<file>: The file being used to infer the schema.
-c, --create: Create a table with the schema inferred from the <file> provided.
-u, --update: Update a table to match the inferred schema of the <file> provided
-r, --replace: Replace a table with a new schema that has the inferred schema from the <file> provided. All previous data will be lost.
--dry-run: Print the sql statement that would be run if executed without the flag.
--keep-types: When a column already exists in the table, and it's also in the <file> provided, use the type from the table.
--file-type: Explicitly define the type of the file if it can't be inferred from the file extension.
--pks: List of columns used as the primary key cols. Order of the columns will determine sort order.
-m, --map: A file that can map a column name in <file> to a new value.
--float-threshold: Minimum value at which the fractional component of a value must exceed in order to be considered a float.
--delim: Specify a delimiter for a csv style file with a non-comma delimiter.

dolt schema show

Shows the schema of one or more tables.
Synopsis
dolt schema show [<commit>] [<table>...]
Description
dolt schema show displays the schema of tables at a given commit. If no commit is provided the working set will be used.
A list of tables can optionally be provided. If it is omitted all table schemas will be shown.
Arguments and options
<table>: table(s) whose schema is being displayed.
<commit>: commit at which point the schema will be displayed.

dolt schema tags

Shows the column tags of one or more tables.
Synopsis
dolt schema tags [-r <result format>] [<table>...]
Description
dolt schema tags displays the column tags of tables on the working set.
A list of tables can optionally be provided. If it is omitted then all tables will be shown. If a given table does not exist, then it is ignored.
Arguments and options
<table>: table(s) whose tags will be displayed.
-r, --result-format: How to format result output. Valid values are tabular, csv, json. Defaults to tabular.

dolt sql

Runs a SQL query
Synopsis
dolt sql
dolt sql < script.sql
dolt sql [--data-dir <directory>] [-r <result format>]
dolt sql -q <query> [-r <result format>] [-s <name> -m <message>] [-b]
dolt sql -q <query> --data-dir <directory> [-r <result format>] [-b]
dolt sql -x <name>
dolt sql --list-saved
Description
Runs a SQL query you specify. With no arguments, begins an interactive shell to run queries and view the results. With the -q option, runs the given query and prints any results, then exits.
Multiple SQL statements must be separated by semicolons. Use -b to enable batch mode to speed up large batches of INSERT / UPDATE statements. Pipe SQL files to dolt sql (no -q) to execute a SQL import or update script.
Queries can be saved to the query catalog with -s. Alternatively -x can be used to execute a saved query by name.
By default this command uses the dolt database in the current working directory, as well as any dolt databases that are found in the current directory. Any databases created with CREATE DATABASE are placed in the current directory as well. Running with --data-dir <directory> uses each of the subdirectories of the supplied directory (each subdirectory must be a valid dolt data repository) as databases. Subdirectories starting with '.' are ignored.
Arguments and options
-q, --query: Runs a single query and exits.
-r, --result-format: How to format result output. Valid values are tabular, csv, json, vertical. Defaults to tabular.
-s, --save: Used with --query, save the query to the query catalog with the name provided. Saved queries can be examined in the dolt_query_catalog system table.
-x, --execute: Executes a saved query with the given name.
-l, --list-saved: List all saved queries.
-m, --message: Used with --query and --save, saves the query with the descriptive message given. See also --name.
-b, --batch: Use to enable more efficient batch processing for large SQL import scripts consisting of only INSERT statements. Other statements types are not guaranteed to work in this mode.
--data-dir: Defines a directory whose subdirectories should all be dolt data repositories accessible as independent databases within. Defaults to the current directory.
--multi-db-dir: Defines a directory whose subdirectories should all be dolt data repositories accessible as independent databases within. Defaults to the current directory. This is deprecated, you should use --data-dir instead
--doltcfg-dir: Defines a directory that contains configuration files for dolt. Defaults to $data-dir/.doltcfg. Will only be created if there is a change that affect configuration settings.
-c, --continue: Continue running queries on an error. Used for batch mode only.
--file: Execute statements from the file given.
--privilege-file: Path to a file to load and store users and grants. Defaults to $doltcfg-dir/privileges.db. Will only be created if there is a change to privileges.
-u, --user: Defines the local superuser (defaults to root). If the specified user exists, will take on permissions of that user.

dolt sql-client

Starts a built-in MySQL client.
Synopsis
dolt sql-client [-d] --config <file>
dolt sql-client [-d] [-H <host>] [-P <port>] [-u <user>] [-p <password>] [-t <timeout>] [-l <loglevel>] [--data-dir <directory>] [--query-parallelism <num-go-routines>] [-r]
Description
Starts a MySQL client that is built into dolt. May connect to any database that supports MySQL connections, including dolt servers.
You may also start a dolt server and automatically connect to it using this client. Both the server and client will be a part of the same process. This is useful for testing behavior of the dolt server without the need for an external client, and is not recommended for genera